Canada (and its provinces including Ontario) remains as a bit of an anomaly in the urban forestry world.  In spite of the fact that the term ‘urban forestry” was publicized by an Ontarian, Erik Jorgensen, Canada remains the only G-8 nation without any federal or provincial governmental recognition of the standards of urban forest management. Instead, urban forestry depends on guidelines provided by municipalities. The scope and complexity of those guidelines depends on the size, program priority and the political will expressed by the municipality. Regardless, urban forestry guidelines are best articulated through a number of professional and regulatory bodies including the International Society of Arboriculture and the Canadian Urban Forest Network Guidelines can include but are not limited to such topics as: planting, maintenance, protection during constriction, insect and disease control.